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How Clear Coal May Make A Tidy Profit
The current extension and growth of a tax credit for carbon capture have many taking a second look at carbon seize applied sciences for a lot of industries, including power plants.
Because the program is designed as a carrot (tax credit) reasonably than a stick (carbon tax), essentially the most polluting vegetation have the most incentive to retrofit.
Given that dynamic, will fossil fuel interests and environmental groups alike see this as a win-win?
In accordance with the Global CCS Institute, there are 17 massive Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) models operating worldwide in the present day, with one other 20 in numerous stages of development. Of those, 11 are in the U.S., and just one, Petra Nova, is related to an influence plant. The opposite 10 U.S. amenities are associated with chemical manufacturing and pure fuel processing. Just one of many U.S. amenities sequesters CO2 for the long-term and the opposite 10 use or promote the CO2 for enhanced oil recovery (EOR).
All the energy plant with CCS projects on the planet utilize put up-combustion capture (the CO2 is removed after the fuel is burned), while some future vegetation are considering pre-combustion or oxy-fuel combustion seize strategies, each their own relative advantages and disadvantages.
Passed as part of the Federal finances, the tax credits are supposed for energy crops and industrial amenities that seize and sequester CO2 (or promote it for enhanced oil recovery, EOR) that will in any other case be emitted. Each will obtain as much as $50 or $35/MT for Billy Fitch 12 years.
These credits have obtained little fanfare, however they've potential to radically change the economics of some energy plants, and may put some back within the black.
Utilizing publically available datasets, we find that there are 27 existing coal and natural fuel combined cycle (NGCC) energy plants within the U.S. within 10 miles of current CO2 pipelines. While retrofit functions (or new builds) may be found in different areas, shut proximity to existing infrastructure provides some price advantages.
The power plants are separated by area and type, with about 6,700 MW of coal vegetation between Oklahoma and Wyoming, and about eleven,500 MW of NGCC vegetation within the New Mexico/Oklahoma/Texas/Louisiana region. If all of these energy crops were to retrofit their existing facilities and capture 90% of the CO2 they emit, they may keep about 1 gigaton of CO2 out of the environment over the 12-12 months credit lifetime, although other types of emissions could nonetheless be a problem.
The map below shows current CO2 pipelines in red, present coal energy crops (with 10 miles of the pipelines) in orange, and current NGCC energy plants in blue. The scale of the bubble signifies the nameplate capability of the ability plant.